Gopal Krishna, the author of this article, is an activist. He runs ToxicsWatch Alliance, Ban Asbestos Network of India (BANI), IMOWatch, MediaVigil & WaterWatch Alliance. He is also researching the corporate crimes in India after Independence. He can be contacted at krishna2777[at]gmail.com.
At last the Environment and forests Ministry has earned the privilege of being headed by a cabinet minister. But the irony is that Moily’s acceptance of the role of being an Environment & Forests Minister who has a regulatory role exposes his hypocrisy because as Minister of Petroleum & Natural Gas, he is a promoter of projects which are cause of environmental destruction. There is manifest conflict of interest here because projects from Oil and Petroleum ministry come to environment ministry’s expert appraisal committee for environment clearances. His appointment reveals that that Dr Manmohan Singh, the Prime Minister has become a threat to environment and public health.
Moily’s appointment as environment minister is more controversial than his appointment as Oil & Petroleum Minister by replacing S. Jaipal Reddy to pander to the interests of companies like Reliance Industries Ltd. The fact remains Reddy’s integrity was unblemished and Jayanthi Natarajan’s performance was not as good as Reddy or Jairam Ramesh, her predecessor.
How could Dr Manmohan Singh allow Moily to be a promoter as well as a regulator? Such gross conflict of interest exposes Dr Singh and Moily as few of the most insincere politicians in the country.
Till now the environment ministers were kept structurally weak so that whenever there is conflict between blind economic growth and ecology, the former is given precedence at the cost of the latter. The environment ministry has been designed to be structurally weaker than all the other ministries, which adversely impact the environment and poison our food chain. The fact of appointment of Moily, the promoter of environmentally destructive projects as the environment minister underlines that Prime Minister does not accord the priority, environmental issues deserve. The Prime Minister is quite insensitive to the collapsing ecosystem.
It has been noted that as Oil & Petroleum Ministry, Moily has been writing to MoEF against expanding boundaries of Pushpagiri Wildlife Sanctuary in Dakshin Kannada, supported controversial Netravathi Diversion project (Yettinahole Diversion Project) for his constituency of Chikkaballapur. As environment minister he is under structural compulsion to be disregard environmental concerns for electoral gains.
What is sad is that the Prime Minister has failed to realize that the threat to the integrity of the natural systems is a threat to human health, and such threats have become routine because of myopic industrial agriculture, blind urban development, regressive transport systems and criminal neglect of non-human species.
While legislative safeguards for environmental protection do seem to exist on paper, the role of the political class which is funded by corporations (under Companies Act, 2013 companies can pay up to 7.5 % of their annual profits to political parties) illustrates that homicidal ecological lawlessness that has led to rampant industrial pollution, soil erosion, agricultural pollution, and genetic erosion of plant resources are quite crucial and merit more acknowledgment.
This is an anti-environment proposition because the donors are bound to seek lax environmental laws in return of their contribution to political parties. Unless there is state funding for political parties to fight elections, it is unlikely that the structural weakness in the environmental governance can be rectified. The payments to the Indian National Congress from these donors seem to have led to the appointment of Moily to safeguard their profits at any environmental cost.
Now little can be done to prevent ongoing of our contamination of blood, congenital disorders, preventable but incurable cancer or extinction of known and unknown living species on our planet. he Prime Minister and the Chairperson of Indian National Congress led United Progressive Alliance has failed to recognize the compelling logic to re-examine the premises of Industrial Growth and design a new one. In the developed world the model of development is under interrogation because of environmental problems.
Indian National Congress led Government failed to respond the crisis emerging from industrial pollution, vehicular pollution, land use change, mutilation of rivers, aquifers and diversion of agricultural land. Citizens have been forced to internalize the cost of environmental damage and pollution even as the human environmental cost of environmental destruction has been externalized for corporate profits. It was expected that the Government would take cognizance of the health indicators of the deteriorating environment in terms of a double burden of disease but under the leadership of Dr Singh it has been rendered spineless by the corporate contribution to its constituent parties.
As an Environment Minister, Moily would ensure that the status quo of land-water binary that has been created to deal with land resources and water resources separately as part of colonial legacy must be done away with and a genuine river basin approach is adopted which would also require rewriting of the industrial policy.
Being from Karnataka, the new minister is likely to pander to parochial interests by supporting the demand for catastrophic projects like interlinking of rivers. He is expected to aggravate the unhealthy legacy of bulldozing rivers, flood plains, forests, biodiversity, natural drainage etc as if citizens, forests and wildlife are irrelevant.
Dr Singh’s policies have led to clearance for ecologically disastrous industrial projects. There was need to publish a database of environmental criminals and fugitives with their photographs and profiles with the name of the companies which fall under the 64 heavily polluting industries under the Red category (highly polluting industries), 34 moderately polluting industries (‘Orange’ category) and 54 ‘marginally’ polluting units (‘Green’ category) and to publish a list of India’s Most Wanted Environmental Criminals with wanted posters. But the Prime Minister is likely to connive and collude with the environmental criminals and fugitives. The new Government after 2014 elections will inherit a very sad legacy.
The Prime Minister has failed to stop transboundary movement of polluting technologies, hazardous wastes, creating an inventory of hazardous chemicals and wastes besides conducting an environmental health audit along with the ministry of health to ascertain the body burden through investigation of industrial chemicals, pollutants and pesticides in umbilical cord blood.
In one study in the US, of the 287 chemicals detected in umbilical cord blood, 180 were known to cause cancer in humans or animals, 217 are toxic to the brain and nervous system, and 208 cause birth defects or abnormal development in animal tests. Absence of such studies in India does not mean that a similar situation does not exist in India. Until and unless we diagnose the current unacknowledged crisis, how will he regulatory bodies predict, prevent and provide remedy.
Indian position on the UN’s Rotterdam Convention meeting on hazardous chemicals with regard to cancer causing mineral fibers like chrysotile asbestos has become regressive under Dr Manmohan Singh Government. India opposed the listing of chrysotile asbestos under Annex III of the Rotterdam Convention at the sixth meeting of Conference of Parties on May 8 in Geneva. Substances listed under Annex III of the Convention — a global treaty to promote shared responsibilities in relation to import of hazardous chemicals — require exporting
countries to advise importing countries about the toxicity of the substances so that importers can give their prior informed consent for trade. During the fifth Conference of Parties in June 2011, the Indian delegation had agreed to the listing of chrysotile asbestos in the PIC list, but later took a U-turn. Indian delegation’s position was inconsistent with domestic laws, which lists asbestos as a hazardous substance. In keeping with Indian laws when the UN’s Chemical Review Committee of Rotterdam Convention recommended listing of white
chrysotile asbestos as hazardous substance, it is incomprehensible as to why Indian delegation opposed its inclusion in the UN list. The only explanation appears to be the fact that the Indian delegation did not have a position independent of the asbestos industry’s position, which has covered up and denied the scientific evidence that all asbestos can cause disease and death.
Although chrysotile asbestos banned in more than 50 countries, Indian National Congress led Government’s patronage to this killer industry has led to an increase in consumption of asbestos in India. In India, import of asbestos rose from 253,382 tonnes in 2006 to 473,240 in 2012, a steep increase of 186 per cent in six years.
This reveals that Dr Singh’s government is anti-environment and anti-public health.
His Government has ignored global experiences of INTERPOL Environmental Crime Committee and its Working Groups on Wildlife Crime and Pollution Crime. India too needed similar approach but Dr Singh’s government is dealing only with civil cases through National Green Tribunal which is hardly sufficient. In 1995, in one of its landmark judgments the Supreme Court in the matter of Indian Council for Enviro-Legal Action v. Union of India observed, “Environmental Courts having civil and criminal jurisdiction must be established to deal with the environmental issues in a speedy manner. Further, it must be manned by legally-trained persons/judicial officers.” The Tribunal violates the court order by excluding criminal jurisdiction.
Dr Singh has failed to regulate pollution and environment crime. The 141-page report of the steering committee on the environment and forests sector for the eleventh five-year plan prepared by Planning Commission states: ‘The number of polluting activities — and the quantum of pollution generated — has increased in the last several years. Furthermore, newer and newer environmental challenges are thrown up — from solid waste disposal, to disposal and recycling of hazardous waste, to toxins like mercury, dioxins and activities like ship-breaking to management of vehicular pollution.’ Dr Singh’s government failed to meet ‘the regulatory challenge’ as a consequence environmental regulation has not kept pace with environmental crimes.
After serving for two years, Jayanthi Natarajan resigned from the post of junior minister of state for environment and forests on December 21, 2103. The Veerappa Moily, the petroleum and natural gas minister was given the additional charge of environment ministry.